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Independence
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Ross indexed the following pages under the keyword: "Independence".

 Previous | Next | Cards | Index | Cloud 1937
 Independence picture ofIntelligence alternative toInteraction in central nervous systemOrganisation opposite to 0471 0472

 Previous | Next | Cards | Index | Cloud 1941
 Neutral point (of equilibrium - including 'cycle', 'region' etc.) effect of change of parameter Dominance test forIndependence Interaction definitionOrganisation irreversibleOrganisation number of types ofTime reversible machine 0927 0928
 Summary: (1) It is impossible to say how much one variable depends on another. (2) The meaning of "dx'i/dxk" is given. (3) The Question "Does xi depend on xk" is meaningless. (4) New form of matrix test for dominance is given. (5) Definitions given of (a) xi-t curve depends on x0k, (b) xi-t curve is independant of x0k, (c) xi dominates xk, (d) "parameter". Summary: I have decided in future to end the Sections with a Summary. It may perhaps force rather more tidiness into the ideas and will be useful for reference.Dependence definedDominance definitionIndependence defined 0959 0960
 Dominance test forIndependence test forMathematics completing systemMatrix methodParameter test for 0961 0962
 Summary: A higher level must usually change more slowly than a lower level, in order that the lower level may be given time to catch its neutral point.Dominance and velocityIndependence and velocityParameter if not knownProbability of parameter Summary: If, from a given system, we remove knowledge of a variable, we must introduce probability to replace it. (But see next paragraph) 0971 0972
 Summary: The lower animals, at any rate, with their environment may be much simplified for our purpose by noting that one animal may be considered to be split into several, or many, parts, each of which has its own environment. So animal and environment = several machines, not one.Dominance and velocityEquilibrium of organisationsIndependence and velocityLevels mechanism ofOrganisation stable 0977 0978
 Summary: An organisation with n variables and m parameters has two separate complexities. Subject to conditions, m describes the number of coordinates in the space in which the neutral point moves, when m=n we have a 'transative' state.Neutral point (of equilibrium - including 'cycle', 'region' etc.) control of Dependence test forDominance test forIndependence test forSubstitution (mathematical) reducibility 0985 0986

 Previous | Next | Cards | Index | Cloud 1943
 Dominance and velocityIndependence and velocityOrder of velocity 1193 1194
 Dominance and velocityIndependence and velocity 1347 1348

 Previous | Next | Cards | Index | Cloud 1944
 Independence monograph 1749 1750

 Previous | Next | Cards | Index | Cloud 1945
 Summary: A dynamic system must definitely either proceed to equilibrium or to infinity. Independence types of Society [5]: Humorous illustration of the difficulty of getting organised spontaneously, 1896. 1895 1896

 Previous | Next | Cards | Index | Cloud 1946
 Summary: The case of the top shoot of a tree dominating the growth of lateral shoots fits into my formulation of "dominance" quite naturally. Independence types of 2036 2037

 Previous | Next | Cards | Index | Cloud 1951
 Summary: In an absolute system independent distributions don't stay independent.Independence loss of statistical independence with timeStatistical mechanics density in phaseStochastic processes differential equations Summary: 'Delay' in a machine is only behaviour of zero amplitude.Delay (in substitution) nature of 3137 3138
 Summary: An experiment stops when the exchange of information has reached equilibrium. (3248, 3254, 3691)Information and experimentInformation in machines Epistemology [5]: When does an experiment stop? 3245. Independence and informationInformation and independenceInformation in machines 3245 3246
 Summary: The conclusion is, then, that for many resting states we must have plenty of independence.Feedback not in cortexIndependence to pattern DAMS (Dispersive and Multistable System) [25]: Main properties of DAMS at the 20-variable size, 3425. 3424 3425
 Summary: Joining up Essential Variables, Environment, and network. Review 3582Arc length of Independence testing for, in DAMS (Dispersive and Multistable System)Neuron numbers of DAMS (Dispersive and Multistable System) [44]: Method of testing for 'illegitamate' and wandering actions, 3562. DAMS (Dispersive and Multistable System) [45]: Number of neurone in monkey's nuclei 3562. 3561 3562

 Previous | Next | Cards | Index | Cloud 1952
 Summary: Example of a canonical equation of nullity 2. 3799Substitution (mathematical) example Independence to pattern 3776 3777
 Information in vectorRank and resting stateResting state rank around Summary: Information, rank, equations. 3799Experimenter testing independenceExperimenter using primary operationsIndependence testing for 3788 3789
 Summary: On the operation that brings the representative point to a particular initial state. 3846, 4628Convergence (of lines of behaviour) Independence and convergenceIndependence types ofInformation convergence andInvariant three types 3792 3793
 Summary: Habituation. 3837, 3842, 3856, 4526Dispersion defined by informationIndependence definitionInformation and independence and dispersion Essential variables possible mode of action 3824 3825
 Independence not invariant 3982 3983

 Previous | Next | Cards | Index | Cloud 1953
 Summary: Practically all my concepts are non-metrical.Canonical equations Independence non-metric formNull-function can be non-metricSet or Ensemble my concepts in set-theory Summary: Having several basins has nothing to do with being divisible into parts. Noticed again 5502Basin General Staff history ofReducibility and basins Society [58]: The German General Staff 4605. 4604 4605
 Summary: Coordinates and projections in relational form.Dependence Riguet's definitionIndependence Riguet's definition 4756 4757

 Previous | Next | Cards | Index | Cloud 1954
 Homeostat theory of Summary: "Independence" is a special case of "incomplete transmission of variety".Independence as non-transmission of varietyVariety and independence 4882 4883
 Dependence Riguet's definitionDiagram of immediate effects (D.I.E.) Riguet's formulationIndependence Riguet's definition 4992 4993

 Previous | Next | Cards | Index | Cloud 1955
 Absolute system in historyDisintegration of societyEngland as absolute systemIndependence of EnglandIsolation of England Beginning "natural"Initial state "natural" 5138 5139

 Previous | Next | Cards | Index | Cloud 1958
 Summary: Rigorous form of what is implied by the operator "let it get to equilibrium before applying the next stimulus". 5994, 6084Independence another form 5912 5913
 Summary: Effect of "memory" is studied by the usual method for studying effect, but the two variables are separated in time (as well, usually, as in space)Independence and number of equation 6070 6071

 Previous | Next | Cards | Index | Cloud 1960
 Summary: In a lot of ways a system cannot, strictly, be "self-.....ing". 6566Organisation self organisation, impossibleSelf-awareness impossibleSet or Ensemble undefined universe Connexion independentFeedback long, for independenceIndependence at inputLoop long, for independence 6194 6195

 Previous | Next | Cards | Index | Cloud 1963
 Summary: Review of Waddington's "Nature of life". Summary: Algebraic form of "the behaviour doesn't depend on variables Z".Independence algebraic form 6442 6443

 Previous | Next | Cards | Index | Cloud 1968
 Independence effect on QInteraction with an independent variable 6890 6890+01
 Independence effect on QInteraction and independence 6976 6977
 These images are reproduced courtesy of The Estate of W. Ross Ashby. Copyright 1972, 2008 © The Estate of W. Ross Ashby

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