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Ross indexed the following pages under the keyword: "Memory".


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1930
Chronaxy Definition
Chronaxy and Babinski's reflex
Function rules and chronaxy
Reflex Babinski's and chronaxy
Ants can learn
Association and chronary
Instinct in mania
Learning in Infusoria
Learning in Insecta
Memory and chronaxy
Neuron and chronaxy
Paramecium learning
Reflex and instinct
0105 0106
Cortex Lashley on function of
Cortex, removal of and projection
Reflex and resonance
Basic pattern
Cortex, visual and pattern theory
Impulse pattern
Impulse, nervous effect on synapse
Localisation in cortex
Memory Lashley on
Space-time stimuli in spacetime and localisation
Synapse effect of impulse on
Vision pattern on cortex
0137 0138
Chronaxy apparatus for
Cortex, removal of and loss of memory etc
Intelligence and cortical function
Memory and loss of cortex
Impulse pattern and ripple theory
Vision ripple theory
Waves ripple theory
0139 0140
Adaptation in insects
Cortex, removal of and loss of memory etc
Learning in lumbricus
Learning in Insecta
Learning in fish
Memory and loss of central nervous system
Modification in insects
Neuron has two functions
Axon metabolism in
Nerve (peripheral) and metabolism
0153 0154
Coordination and echoes
Cortex, motor and echo impulses
Environment
Evolution
Learning and echoes
Memory and cortex
Equilibrium and "vicious circle"
Instinct
Modification of neuron by impulse
Neuron and echo impulses
Stimulus echo stimulus
0181 0182
Cortex and release phenomenon
Excitation
Inhibition and petit mal
Memory and effort
Mind (individual) and effort
Reactions selection of reactions
Stimulus
Stimulus jamming the works
Cortex, sensory and stereoscopy
Cortex, visual
Cortex, visual and stereoscopy
Essential light of retina
Fatigue of retina
Inhibition
Localisation in cortex
Retina fatigue
Vision
0183 0184
Environment and reflexes
Geodetic path, postulate of
Levels geodetic path
Memory and cortex
Memory localisation of
Schizophrenia
Stimulus "simple" stimulus
Impulse, nervous timing of
Nirvanophilia and reciprocal innervation
Synapse multiple synapse
0207 0208
Chronaxy
Inhibition
Stimulus
Basic pattern
Dream
Environment and impulse pattern
Essential light of retina
Impulse pattern
Memory and chronaxy pattern
Pattern (in general) and memory
Vision in dreams
0209 0210

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1931
Cortex and learning
Cortex, visual
Impulse, nervous number of
Learning number of impulses
Memory and cortex
Modification of neuron by impulse
Reactions number of impulses in
Retina number of impulses from
Synapse effect of impulse on
Vision
Association
Excitation as "allowing"
Impulse pattern effect of one synapse
Impulse pattern and pain
Inhibition by impulses meeting
Nirvanophilia and movement
Pain
Reflex inhibition of
Stimulus two types
0245 0246
Impulse, nervous memory of
Memory
Neuron memory in
Nirvanophilia
Reactions and memory
Conflict in neuron
Receptors and impulse frequency
Space-time continuous
Stimulus and nirvanophilia
0251 0252
Conflict
Impulse pattern
Inhibition of pattern
Memory and reactions
Reactions and memory
Integration (physiological)
Reactions delayed and Dementia Praecox
Schizophrenia "can't wait"
0253 0254
Affect largely conventional
Basic pattern memory as basic pattern
Cortex, removal of and loss of memory etc
Diffusion in growth
Dominance in growth
Memory and loss of cortex
Reactions whole cortex acts
Impulse pattern elaboration of
Localisation of reaction
Reactions localisation of
Waves of impulses
0257 0258
Basic pattern memory as basic pattern
Memory
Waves ripple theory
Differentiation in memory
Neuron and nirvanophilia
Nirvanophilia
Reactions and memory
0261 0262
Affect in cryptoscopy
Cortex and memory
Hallucination in clairvoyance
Localisation of memory localisation
Memory and Bergson
Vision with fingers
Conflict always about people
Mind (individual) and space
Mind (individual) loss of trance
Schizophrenia and people
Unconscious, the not individualised
0279 0280
Basic pattern complexity of
Cortex number of neurons
Cortex and the unconscious
Cortex equipotentiality of
Cortex inhibition and hypnosis
Cortex, visual and memory
Hypnosis (mesmerism) and universal mind
Impulse pattern complexity of
Inhibition and hypnosis
Intelligence and number of neurons
Learning localisation of
Localisation of learning
Localisation of memory localisation
Memory localisation of
Metagnosis
Neuron number in cortex
Unconscious, the relation to conscious
Chronaxy apparatus for
Conscious mind essential feature
Cortex and delayed reaction
Function rules in central nervous system
Hypnosis (mesmerism) delayed reaction
Impulse, nervous course in cortex
Inhibition and consciousness
Intelligence localisation of
Neuron essentila function
Nirvanophilia
Reactions delayed and consciousness
Reactions delayed and cortex
Stimulus delayed reaction
0281 0282
Diffusion in growth
Dominance in growth
Inhibition of growth
Memory in butterflies
Neuron development
0305 0306
Conscious mind function of
Dream
Nirvanophilia and Freud on
Reflex and nirvanophilia
Sensation intensity of
Electron and intelligence
Levels consciousness as
Memory and counscious mind
Pain nature of
Pleasure nature of
Quantum theory and intelligence
Receptors Weber-Fechner law
Sensation Weber-Fechner law
Stimulus and sensation
0311 0312
Inhibition in reflex centre
Hallucination in clairvoyance
Memory forgetting
0317 0318
Conscious mind
Instinct and wishes
Unconscious, the and words
Chronaxy and learning
Cortex, sensory and senglion
Instinct and habit
Memory pattern in
Pattern (in general) and memory
Sensation and senglion
0319 0320
Impulse, nervous guided by pattern
Pattern (in general) MacCurdy on
Memory pattern in
Neuron and pattern
Pattern (in general) and memory
0329 0330
Affect like injury
Brain injury and memory
Impulse, nervous spreading of
Memory Lashley on
Memory remembering slide rule
Instinct Fambre on
Instinct in insects
0333 0334
Memory
Reflex, conditioned
0337 0338
Excitation several types
Cortex and learning
Learning below pallial level
Learning rate of, in simple organisms
Memory in Protozoa
Memory and cortex
Reflex, conditioned in Protozoa
Reflex, conditioned and cortex
0339 0340
Aggregation
Memory in Protozoa
Memory as organisation
Nirvanophilia Jennings on
Organisation and memory
Reactions and nirvanophilia
Reactions by trial and error
Reducibility nearly reducibility
Reflex are plastic
Amoeba as "higher" animal
Brain unnecessary
Localisation Laskley on
0341 0342
Cortex, visual
Impulse pattern aim of
Integration (physiological) two types
Organisation after amputation
Reactions
Vision and cortical injury
Affect and memory
Association and memory
Excitation subliminal
Memory Lashley on
Space-time time factor in central nervous system
0343 0344
Learning
Memory and cortex
Vision binocular
0355 0356

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1933
Differential equation in physics
Dominance and levels
Integration (physiological) of patterns
Learning
Levels and nirvanophilia
Memory
Pattern (in general) integration of
0439 0440
Vision binocular
Conscious mind function of
Impulse, nervous and conditioned reflex
Integration (physiological) and consciousness
Memory go straight to it
Reactions are irreversible
Space-time continuous
0441 0442
Function rules fundamental function rules of central nervous system
Memory and foresight
Nirvanophilia
Memory
0445 0446

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1934
Equilibrium two forces for
Introspection
Nirvanophilia
Pattern (in general)
Memory and foresight
Memory review
0447 0448

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1935
Pattern (in general)
Memory pattern in
0459 0460

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1937
Dream and memory
Memory protoplasm
Equilibrium two forces for
Nirvanophilia as a force
Pattern (in general) as a force
0461 0462
Memory and reactions
Reflex, conditioned
Space-time of memory
Stimulus and memory
0473 0474
Heredity and memory
Instinct as memory
Memory is absolute
Neuron memory in
Mathematics of "forgetting"
Memory maths of
0475 0476
Instinct as memory
Memory maths of
Organisation simple example
0479 0480
Memory forgetting
Organisation and memory
Reflex, conditioned and memory
0507 0508
Neuron memory in
Mathematics of "forgetting"
Memory maths of
0509 0510
Memory as organisation
Neuron memory in
Organisation and memory
Signal and memory
0511 0512
Equilibrium irritation in
Memory as organisation
Pain and organisation
Equilibrium central nervous system must be in
Neuron and irritation
0517 0518
Dominance in neurons
Impulse pattern elaboration of
Memory as organisation
Neuron ? amoeboid
Organisation and patterns
Dominance indirect and direct
Instinct, sex and hormones
Memory and intinct
Reflex, conditioned and hormones
0533 0534

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1940
Organisation degree of
Memory as organisation
0779 0780
Adaptation -
Reactions modification of
Habituation
Integration (physiological) memory as
Memory as organisation in time
Reflex, conditioned
Space-time and learning
0797 0798

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1941
Field (of substitution)
Memory as break
Trial and error optimal method
0895 0896
Reflex, conditioned is not intelligent
Amoeba can learn
Learning in Amoeba
Memory in Protozoa
Signal and environment
0911 0912
Memory potential memory
Organisation and memory
Summary: The idea is suggested that the old memories, as organisations, may be present implicitly rather than explicitly.
Environment in parts
0975 0976

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1942
Summary: A refinement of the definition of "organisation".
Summary: "Memory" equals change of organisation.
Memory as break
Organisation and memory
Summary: "Adapted" behaviour equals the behaviour of any system around a point of normal equilibrium. (1148)
Adaptation is equilibrium
1157 1158

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1943
Memory and unobservables
Unobservables replacement by other observations
1411 1412

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1947
Summary: The production of the new compounds of behavior is only interaction and has nothing to do with Intelligence.
Memory can be harmful
Reflex, conditioned harmfulness of
2322 2323

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1949
Reflex, conditioned machine built
The Conditioned Reflex [5]: Conditioned reflex machine built. 2614. Seems to be original, 2623.
Summary: A mechanism for conditioned reflex. Made: 16 Aug '49.
Learning gets fixed
Memory gets fixed
2614 2615
Memory and selectivity
Selection needs memory
Selection of wave length
2625 2626
Summary: Systems with high selectivity must have long dieaway by cybernetic necessity.
Summary: Memory in the dogs of the "Tinder Box".
Memory in the 'Tinder Box' dogs
2627 2628
Summary: Memories may perhaps float. 4155
Memory floating
Oddments [34]: Memories might 'float' 2649.
Feedback not necessary for goal-seeking
Goal without feedback
Servo-mechanism as stabiliser
2649 2650

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1950
Summary: Redundancy and information.
Markov process / chain examples
Memory sentence with short memory
Redundancy organisms prefer highly redundant information
Sentence with limited memory
The Multistable System [15]: Human beings like information to be highly redundant: does this link with replication in multistable systems? 2993.
2993 2994
Memory long duration of
3009 3010

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1952
Memory in multistable system
3667 3668
Memory in multistable system
Memory Sommerhoff on
Serial adaptation Sommerhoff on serial adaptation
3682 3683
Summary: Definition of 'memory'. 3810
Memory rigorous definition
3688 3689
Memory and systematic searching
3748 3749
Memory definition
3812 3813
Summary: On habituation. 3842, 3856, 3865, 4524
Summary: Memory implies that step-functions exist and that the system contains more than one resting state. 'Memory' is 'change of resting state'. Example 3833, 3856, 3842, 3900. Multiple resting states are necessary: they are also sufficient if we observe them through a system U, which can be the observer!
Memory what is necessary
3840 3841
Summary: Resting states and latent roots of complex-variable systems.
Summary: Volterra's book.
Competition equations of
Delay (in substitution) introduces memory
Memory by delay
Survival Volterra's equations
3918 3919
Activity positive effect of
Memory filling of
Oddments [32]: Prolonged activity of a parameter makes the system's behaviour tend to depend more on the parameter's particular line of behaviour than on the system's particular initial state, 3956.
Essential variables dominating a system
The Multistable System [32]: Properties of each part depend more and more, as time goes on, what happens to it rather that on which initial state it started from. 3957.
3956 3957
Summary: Absolute systems. Q.E.D.
Summary: Panta rhei - Heraclitus [~everything flows]
Oddments [38]: The variables common to two absolute systems must be absolute 4012.
Memory in action
Psychiatric applications [19]: Schizophrenia might be due to an unfixing of memories that ought to stay fixed 4013.
4012 4013
Summary: Field as vector.
Summary: Meaning of 'topological'.
Statistical mechanics Lashley on
Topology of my concepts
Localisation Laskley on
Memory in visual cortex
The Multistable System [47]: Lashley supports the statistical view, 4027.
4026 4027
Memory size of units
Quotations [45]: "The organisation stability of a performance of the nervous system is greater than the precision of the underlying structural apparatus" Weiss, 4028.
Summary: Quotations
Serial adaptation Lashley on
4028 4029
Genes fundamental property
Memory and genes
Natural Selection [68]: Tobacco mosaic protein can exist in many forms; but the only form that can persist through the generations is the self-reproducing type, 4184.
Summary: Genes and memory. 4206
4184 4185
Black box, problem of the Black box by differences
Difference replacing variable
Memory and unobservables
Unobservables replacement by other observations
Variable replaced by difference
4296 4297
Summary: Effectiveness of parameters with finite substitution. Applied 4414
Dimension of parametric control
History examples
Memory in system
Parameter control exerted by
Summary: Examples of states that include history.
Summary: Knowledge must be tested by control. 4438
Information at runaway
Epistemology [17]: Knowledge must mean 'control' if it is to be objective, 4303.
4302 4303
Memory during control
Transformation Monograph
Epistemology [21]: Nature of knowledge and control, Review { 4348 - 4364 }
Transformation Monograph
Epistemology [21]: Nature of knowledge and control, Review { 4348 - 4364 }
4354 4355

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1953
Summary: Trial and error in reaction to shock.
Summary: Information in printed English.
Information per word
Memory information in
4432 4433

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1954
Strategy of trial and error
Summary: Getting the disruptive feedback from the distant environment. 4844, 4927
Memory in black box
4822 4823
Summary: Proving the existence of hidden variables.
Discrimination in feedback
Feedback discriminative
Arc active and inactive
Memory in discriminative feedback
The Multistable System [89]: In the multistable system there must be parts not activated in each reaction. 4831.
4830 4831
Summary: Example of the effect of continuity as a constraint. Caution: See 5054. 5636
Diagram of immediate effects (D.I.E.) and memory
Isomorphism in memory
Memory isomporphism in
5024 5025
Summary: Requisite variety stated algebraically. 5075
Isomorphism in memory
Memory isomporphism in
5048 5049

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1955
Correlation and 'cause'
Memory as "cause"
5124 5125
History and integral equation
Memory and integral equation
Summary: The use and limitations of the integral equation. 5192, 5210, 6036
5176 5177
Summary: Must a person's private "map" be observable to all?
Decay of memory
Experience corollary
Memory law of experience
5178 5179
Memory in protocol
Protocol general theory of
Protocol general theory of
5198 5199

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1956
Memory and internal connexions
Summary: Cross connexions, immediate effects, random transformations, and memory.
Experience and learning structure
Structure and Law of Experience
5312 5313

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1957
Summary: In all cases so far, all arcs are assumed to have some sign that they are, or have recently been, active, and the discriminative feedback hits only those with the sign. 5557, 5584, 5601, 5609, 5628
Activity as information for feedback
Discrimination methods known
Summary: Unsolved problem. (Strachey's solution, 5559)
Memory is there a minimal quantity?
5550 5551
Summary: Personal note.
Personal notes [30]: Have the Notes come to an end? 5558.
Summary: The optimal duration of memory.
Summary: A minimal quality of memory is not definable.
Constraint and optimal duration of memory
Memory optimal duration
5558 5559
Summary: Mechanisms for memory may well vastly outnumber those for action
Memory may far exceed action
Summary: Essential variables for adaptation by accumulation.
Accumulation (of adaptations) essential variables for
Essential variables for accumulation of adaptation
5766 5767

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1958
History restoring predictability
Machine incompletely observable
Memory restoring predictability
Observable incomplete
5866 5867
Memory Elsasser's estimates
5998 5999
Summary: Review of Elsasser. 6046
Memory disorderly store possible
Gene information in
6002 6003
Summary: Certain concepts about a machine demand a set, which can exist only in another machine. Such concepts can hardly be used by the machine if thinking about itself.
Summary: Machine whose output is invariant for changes in the speed with which the input is sent in. There must be an intervening stage of memory.
Memory allows input speed to be irrelevant
Atom number in brain
Brain number of atoms
6042 6043
Memory as transmission from past
Memory how much in the brain?
6050 6051
Summary: Blitz-therapy.
Summary: Two sorts of memory are identifiable. 6068
Hypnosis (mesmerism) Kelsey's work
Memory two types of
6062 6063
Summary: To test whether memory really is permanent.
Hypnosis (mesmerism) memory under
Memory ?eternal
Diagram of immediate effects (D.I.E.) among memories
Localisation principles of
Memory principles for localisation
6068 6069

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1959
Summary: Another way of writing Sommerhoff's directive correlation. 6105, 6284
Summary: Are isomorphisms denser around equilibrium?
Directive correlation (Sommerhoff) in set theory
Equilibrium generates isomorphisms
Isomorphism cluster at equilibrium
Summary: Isolating a pure concept is like isolating a pure element.
Localisation principles of
Memory principles for localisation
6104 6105
Summary: Any part of the brain that behaves, with a characteristic pattern will tend to send that pattern to other parts. 6137, 6143, 6248
Break becoming memory
Memory evolution of
6128 6129
Amines and memory
Memory and amines
Spraying
Summary: How the amines may come in.
6130 6131
Memory by aggregation of molecules
Step-mechanism by aggregation
Forcing a variable forcing homeostat
6134 6135

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1960
Summary: Example of the coordination that exists at a state of equilibrium. 6350
Accumulation (of adaptations) may demand chance localisation
Dispersion must be random (!)
Gating necessary
Localisation must be random
Memory must be random
Quotations [60]: Claude Bernard, 6165.
6164 6165

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1961
Summary: The elementary conditioned reflex processes only about 2 bits of information, and needs a mechanism of only that capacity. 6363
Arc optimal size
Reflex, conditioned machine for
Achondroplasia Dickens' memory
Localisation principles of
Memory principles for localisation
6352 6353
Summary: The great difference between teaching by pain and teaching by pleasure. 6550
Summary: To feel sympathy is to have no assurance that the other entity is really feeling. 6384
Pain distinct from pleasure
Pleasure different from pain
Sympathy proof of feeling?
Summary: It is often forgotten that planning must have a goal. 6401
Directive correlation (Sommerhoff) need for goal
Goal necessity for
Memory nitrous oxide on memory
Plan must have a goal
Retroactive inhibition by nitrous oxide
6370 6371

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1962
Summary: On the subjective. 6384, 6427
Memory held on a relation
Summary: Memory held on constraints.
Knowledge communicable and uncomunicable
6382 6383

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1963
Equilibrium and liquid state
Liquid state
Summary: "Remembering" as hallucination.
Memory as halucination
Remembering as hallucination
6444 6445
Summary: Example of how too much memory can be disadvantageous.
Memory disadvantage of
Philosophy writings on
Tabula rasa theory
6446 6447
Localisation not necessary
Memory non-stored example
6458 6459
Summary: Proofs the orders of size.
Machine Gill on
Machine Ginsburg on
Summary: Indefinitely long memory in simple machine. 6470
Memory infinitely far back
6460 6461

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1965
Summary: Estes on the permanence of many traces.
Memory permanence
Z-transform Jury's book
Cylindrance of a theorem
6542 6543

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1966
Summary: The classic test for "cause" becomes invalid in the complex system.
Summary: We cannot study any arbitrary relation of cylindrance higher than 270
Bremermann's limit and cylindrance
Cylindrance and Bremermann's limit
Memory on pin-table
Pin table as mapping
6584 6585
Memory without record
6616 6617

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1967
Memory allocation of
6722 6723
Memory in coordination
Transmission for coordination
Summary: Another example of coordination by information-flow internally. 6792
6788 6789
Coordination requires coordination
Memory in coordination
Pianist coordination in
Transmission for coordination
6792 6793

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1968
Memory must develop
Summary: Any memory-determined system (more than one state back) must show ever-increasing constraint over the successive memory spans.
Memory and increase
Pattern (in general) exchange with memory
6850 6851

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1972
Summary: In some cases "bits per second" may be less meaningful than "highest order of non-zero interaction".
Indexed as far as
Memory sentence with short memory
Sentence with limited memory
7144 7145

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